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Cel mai mare tabu din Afghanistan - Homosexualitatea!

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Posted: 2 years ago
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Cel mai mare tabu din Afghanistan - Homosexualitatea! Image

Cel mai mare tabu din Afghanistan - Homosexualitatea!

RO

Viata secreta a homosexualilor din Afghanstan!


RAPORTUL PERSONALULUI – Raportul a fost tradus dintr-un articol de la BBC care a fost publicat pe data de 8 octombrie 2016: Homosexualitatea este considerata a fi un tabu in Afghanistan. Insa acest lucru nu este observat doar in Afghanistan. Majoritatea Subcontinentului, Asiei Centrale si a Rusiei considera homosexualitatea a fi un pacat, ba chiar de multe ori o insulta adresata oamenilor religiosi. Insa lucrul care distanteaza Afghanistanul de celelalte locuri este faptul ca in Afghanistan si in multe alte tari musulmane homosexualitatea este pedepsita de lege. Deci, toti homosexualii sunt nevoiti sa se ascunda toata viata lor daca vor ca sa aiba un viitor. De fapt, un studiu lansat in anul 2015 a aratat ca nu exista nici un membru a comunitatii LGBT in Afghanistan. Desigur ca acest lucru este fals, insa arata ceva foarte trist. Oamenii se tem atat de tare incat ajung sa isi traiasca intreaga viata mintindu-si prietenii, familia si in acelasi timp si pe ei insisi.

Reporterul de la BBC a reusit sa vorbeasca cu mai multi oameni care i-au oferit perspectiva lor asupra acestui subiect. Pentru a le proteja anonimia reporterul a decis ca sa nu le faca publice pozele lor si le-a schimbat numele si locatiile pentru a le proteja identitatea fata de oamenii care i-ar putea ataca sau critica.

Prima persoana care a vorbit cu reporterul a fost o fata de 19 ani de zile pe care reporterul a numit-o Zainab. Ea traieste cu familia sa si nimeni nu stie secretul pe care il are Zainab. Fratii si parintii sai se comporta cu ea exact cum s-ar comporta si cu oricare alt membru al familiei, insa daca ar sti adevarul nimeni nu stie exact cum ar reactiona. Ea a explicat cum ca atunci cand avea 15 sau poate 16 ani de zile ea a realizat ca era diferita fata de celelalte fete. Ea lucra intr-un salon de frumusete (una pentru femei deoarece in Afghanistan exista saloane atat pentru femei cat si pentru barbati) si si-a dat seama ca este mult mai interesata de fetele si femeile care veneau in salonul acela decat de barbati. Barbatii nu o interesau – doar femeile. Ea s-a simtit foarte atrasa de prietena sa cea mai buna, si nu stia de ce. Acum stia ca sentimentele pe care le avea pentru prietena sa erau cu mult mai puternice decat cele de prietenie. Ea se indragostise de prietena sa. Era foarte dificil pentru ea ca sa inteleaga de ce simtea acele sentimente si de ce ii salta inima cand era aproape de prietena sa. Dupa cateva luni de zile cele ea si-a marturisit sentimentele si atractia fata de prietena sa. Aceasta a recunoscut ca si ea simte acelasi lucru pentru ea. Acum cele doua sunt un cuplu. Insa fericirea lor este un tabu imens, asa ca trebuie sa tina totul secret. Nimeni in afara de cele doua fete stiu despre relatia lor. Exista foarte multe femei care se indragostesc de alte femei insa nimeni din cultura noastra nu se simte comfortabil spunand asta cu voce tare, a spus ea. Si desi se intalnesc doar de doua sau trei ori pe saptamana, Zainab este foarte fericita deoarece poate fi cu persoana care o iubeste, chiar daca trebuie sa minta tot timpul si sa nu spuna nimanui adevarul.

Cealalta persoana care sufera de aceeasi discriminare si presiune sociala este Dawood. Atunci cand a implinit 18 ani el si-a dat seama ca nu se simte deloc atras de fetele din jurul sau. Familia lui l-a fortat sa se casatoreasca cu un prieten al familiei insa Dawood niciodata nu a vrut ca sa se casatoreasca cu acea persoana. In Afghanistan majoritatea tinerilor se logodesc pe cand au doar 13-16 ani si se casatoresc atunci cand fac 20 de ani de zile. Unii se casatoresc deoarece familia are nevoie de bani. Dawood a reusit sa-si convinga familia sa anuleze casatoria insa viata lui tot pare ca este incompleta precum cea a lui Zainab. Desi traieste in prezent cu partenerul sau, o persoana care el spune ca ii „umple golul din inima”, el tot este obligat sa isi traiasca viata in secret. El se teme de ce vor spune oamenii cand vor vedea ca el este homosexual, si se teme ca nu va mai fi acceptat in societate. De asemenea o frica foarte terifianta este faptul ca daca este prins el poate fi spanzurat deoarece homosexualitatea este considerat a fi un pacat imens pentru musulmani. Legile Afghanistanului nu permit executarea oamenilor sub acuzatia de homosexualitate, de fapt singura lege care permite asta este legea impotriva pedofililor. Deoarece sistemul lor este atat de corupt, in Afghanistan pedofilia si homosexualitatea sunt grupate in aceeasi categorie, si de multe ori multi tineri sunt spanzurati sub acuzatia de pedofilie pe cand de fapt ei sunt ucisi deoarece sunt homosexuali. 

Autor: Zak Hades - Serbia
Traducator: Radu Ivanovici
Sursa photo: www.thedisorderofthings.files.wordpress.com

 

EN

The secret life of the Homosexual community in Afghanistan!


STAFF REPORT – Report translated from a BBC article published on 8th Oct 2016: Homosexuality as a subject is considered as a taboo in Afghanistan – a fact that similar sentiments towards the issue are prevalent in most of the Indian Sub-continent, central Asia, and even Russia. Not only it is considered as an immoral activity in the Muslim countries, it is also punishable by law in most of them and Afghanistan happens to follow the main pattern shared by other countries in this regard. The immediate implication of such is that all such events and activities are carried out with a deep fear and mostly kept hidden. The problems compound because although the official statistics may show zero footprint of LGBT community, the true numbers are far away from the official statistics.

The BBC reporter in this case has had the opportunity to talk with different people from different walks of life who contribute their own life stories in the raging debate. In order to protect their anonymity the reporter has not published their pictures and has changed their names and locations to protect their identity from people who may look down upon them.

The first one is a 19 year old young girl who we will refer to as Zainab. She lives with her family and no one in her family has an idea about her secret life. Her brothers and parents think of her and treat her as they would treat any other member but they have no idea about the secret that Zainab is carrying with her. She explains that when she was around the age of 15 or maybe 16, she realized that she was different from other girls of her age. She was working in a beauty parlor (a female one as there is segregation between men and women) and she realized that she has a higher level of attraction towards these girls and women that she was surrounded with. Men did not appeal to her – women did. She had felt certain feelings for her friend before but she was unable to understand what she really felt. Now she knew that the feelings that she had felt for her friend were more than just friendship, she was in love with her friend. It was a difficult reality for her to fathom and she realized that it will be extremely difficult for her to convey the feelings to her friend or to get her to mutually accept her or reciprocate her affection. It took her a couple of years to finally build up the courage to tell her friend what she really felt. Her friend was shocked at the revelation and immediately disappeared out of her life. After few months though, her persistence paid off and her friend finally realized that what she felt for Zainab was similar to what she felt for her. Now they are a couple. But the happiness for Zainab is limited as they are a secret couple. No body except the two of us really knows what we exactly feel for each other. There are many women who fall in love with women but no one in our culture is able to express this emotion openly, she claims. And although they only meet once or twice a week, Zainab for the moment is happy to hold on to what precious little time she has.

The other person in this report who feels similar pressure is Dawood. When he was 18 years old, Dawood realized that he does not feel attraction towards the females around him. His family even forced him to get engaged to a family friend but Dawood never really wanted that to happen to him. The Afghan value system ensures that most young people get engaged during their teen years and get married the moment they turn 20. Some even before depending upon the family economic situation. Dawood managed to convince his family to call off the engagement but his life is also incomplete just like Zainab. Although he is currently with his partner, a person who according to Dawood completes him but the relationship between the two of them is kept in secret. He says that he fears that if this comes out to the public knowledge, he will find it extremely difficult to live within the society. He is also afraid that he may be termed as an outcast and can be hanged till death as a punishment for his sin. The laws of Afghanistan do not include the punishment as such and although there is a criminal decree against pedophilia, no such punishment exists for acts of homosexuality. However, without a proper legal framework, both pedophilia and homosexuality are almost seen as the same and grouped under the same pretense.  

Author: Zak Hades - Serbia

 

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Tags: homosexualitate, tabu, afghanistan, acuzatie, discriminare


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